Calcium is a constant element, constitute an important component of the human body. Now less than 50 % of the recommended amount of calcium intake of Chinese residents, therefore, the lack of calcium in children as well as infants and young children is widespread. The mainly reasons: First, children as well as infants and young children are at the peak of the growth and development of a substantial increase, the need for calcium, and their food situation does not improve , and there is no corresponding increase in calcium intake , easily lead to lack of calcium ; Second, the absorption of calcium is not good, if certain dietary components affect the absorption of calcium, or a lack of vitamin D in the body, or gastrointestinal disease affecting the absorption of calcium, it may lead to calcium deficiency.
Calcium deficiency is a common nutritional diseases. Mainly bone lesions. Childhood growth and development of strong , more calcium requirement , such as the lack of long-term calcium, and is often associated with protein and vitamin D deficiency can cause growth retardation, abnormal structure of new bone , poor bone calcification, bone deformation , the occurrence of rickets. Rickets incidence in southern China is about 20%, in some areas of the north up to 50%, is common in infants and young children under two years of age, especially in preterm children and twin children. It should be noted that pregnant women, nursing mothers and infants added a sufficient amount of calcium and vitamin D.
Prevention of rickets include attention to vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy, lactation, and more outdoor activities , adequate intake of breast milk or formula infancy and early childhood, more than the sun. Promotion of breastfeeding, lack of breast milk , add milk and a variety of food supplement in a timely manner.
Prevention of calcium deficiency through diet. First, to ensure that not a partial eclipse, more intake of calcium-rich foods. A wider source of calcium in the food, such as milk, fish and shrimp, nuts, food, beans and green vegetables. Times and choose to add the appropriate preparation of calcium.
Article Source: Chinese Nutrition Society
Articles published by : Organizing Committee of the INIE
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